One to two million people in the United States suffer from basal cell carcinoma every year. Basal cell carcinoma is a common type of a skin cancer. It is the most common malignancy in the world.
Basal cell carcinoma usually looks like pimple sort of red bumps that usually small, to begin with, and slowly grows over time. We are starting to see more basal cell carcinoma in younger persons. It used to be very rare to see that this type of skin cancer to people in their 20 to 30 year of age.
If you had a basal cell carcinoma before, your chance of making another basal cell carcinoma is as high as 50% over the next 5 years. Basal cell carcinoma can happen on any part of the body but most commonly occurs on the head and neck 80 to 90 percent of the time and 25 to 30 percent time on the nose.
People who have had an organ transplant have a ten times higher chance of developing basal cell carcinoma and people who have non-Hodgkin lymphoma or chronic lymphocytic leukemia have a to 2.5 to 3.5 time higher chances of developing basal cell carcinoma. The chances of basal cell carcinoma for metastasizing are very low.
Basal cell carcinoma grows from cells called keratinocyte which is actually the main cell of our epidermis. Those cells are constantly being damaged by ultraviolet radiation from the time when we born and our body has a mechanism to constantly be repairing that damage that ultraviolet light is creating inside the keratinocytes. But over the time and with certain underlying medical conditions those mechanisms can be imperfect and as we age the chance that we will have enough imperfections in those cells to cause cancer really start to go up.
Young women who have to go tanning beds repeatedly were starting to see this basal cell cancer at a much younger age. People with light skin who are susceptible to sunburns have the highest risk of developing this skin cancer. Tanning is also a risk factor so people who seek out the sun over the year and get a lot of cumulative ultraviolet exposure through habitual tanning they are also at an increased risk. People who burn easily and who have gotten multiple sunburns especially multiple blistering sunburns those people are at a very high risk for basal cell carcinoma.
Basal cell carcinoma tends to, bleed very easily with minor trauma. This disease is very common in people with fair complexion and red hair or blue or green eyes. Basal cell carcinoma includes having an intense burst of intermittent sun in the past, blistering sunburn, family members with basal cell carcinoma.
The treatment for basal cell carcinoma depends first of all on where it is in the skin. If it just right on the very surface of the skin and epidermis where most of these tumors start then you may not need surgery for those. The epidermal basal cell carcinoma can be treated with topical creams, with light therapies, freezing techniques so for those epidermal tumors there are a lot of treatment options that are fairly noninvasive.
For the deeper basal cell carcinoma tumor that left the epidermis and is now growing down in the main layer of the skin down in the dermis. Those really are not very amenable these topical therapies those generally require surgical excision of some sort.
The most common form of treatment for the deeper basal cell carcinoma tumor is surgery because this disease is highly curable. In basal cell carcinoma surgery, the skin cancer is removed with a small amount of normal skin around cancer, that piece of skin is then evaluated under a microscope. All the skin cancer edges are evaluated and if any part of that skin edge has cancer, the remaining portion of that skin is then removed. Looked small skin piece at under the microscope again and again until all of the cancer is removed and then the wound is reconstructed. Reconstruct means fixing the wounds that are left after the surgery.
There are different types of basal cell carcinoma. Nodal basal cell carcinoma is being the most common.