Leukemia is a blood cancer. Leukemia is a type of cancer in which bone marrow, which that makes blood, is unable to make blood properly. The normal blood cells, the red blood cells, and white blood cells are developed immaturely and enter our bloodstream. The structure of blood cell, that structure is not developed properly, but in an immature way, and starts flowing in the bloodstreams. Due to this our bone marrow is suppressed. Due to bone marrow suppression, the platelets reduced. The TLC (Total Leukocyte count) and WBCs start increasing at a fast rate. Immature cells are now found in the blood flow and that means that leukemia has developed there completely.
Blood cancer is generally called leukemia. Leukemia is of various types.
- Acute myeloid leukemia
Acute Myeloid leukemia (AML) is one of the most dangerous cancers. Upon diagnosis of AML life expectancy of patients is very low. This type of blood cancer can also be cured; it can be cured within a certain time and a patient can live a normal life without blood cancer.
- Acute Lymphoblastic leukemia
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia, it is very common in children. On an average, it is observed that out of 100%, 40% to 60% are children. Cancer is also hereditary, cancer is also genetic. If there is any family history of cancer, the child born in that family has chances of getting blood cancer. It is a myth that one can get blood cancer only after a certain age Cancer can occur at any time.
- Chronic myeloid leukemia
- Chronic Lymphoblastic leukemia
Symptoms of blood cancer
The very first symptoms of blood cancer are a fever. If an adult or a child getting a recurring fever, with medication it got cured for a while but then relapsed.
Second symptoms are a loss of appetite. If the patient is a kid and you force him to eat, but he has no appetite. In adult wish to eat gets diminished with the loss of appetite. Loss of appetite can be one of the main symptoms. Someone is constantly losing weight. A loss of 6 kg weight in two months it can be because of blood cancer. Weight loss can happen in other types of cancer also.
Blue spots are occurring all over the body they are called petechiae. After you spot these blue spots, you also notice low platelet count. If there are blue spots all over the body it can be symptoms of blood cancer.
The vegetables that you are eating have an insecticide and pesticide in them. The milk that you are drinking has a caustic soda in it. Wherever the immune system is weak, cancer can occur there. If a pollution environment damaging your immunity, the immune system can get damaged due to any reason. When immune systems get damaged, cancer cells multiply. If bone marrow is storing blood, blood is not being developed properly there is immature blood, then cancer can occur.
Leukemia is cancer that begins in stem cells and found in the bone marrow. Bone marrow, where stem cells differentiate into many types of blood cells, that includes red blood cells. Platelets are those which help to stop bleeding by sticking to damaged blood vessels and white blood cells are those which patrol the body and destroying potentially harmful invaders. The dearth of functional white blood cells impairs the immune system, increasing the risk of infections.
When the bone marrow can no longer produce the required amount of functional cells, the blood becomes depleted. The lack of red blood cells means that muscles don’t get enough oxygen. Red blood cells are which that carry oxygen from the lungs to all tissues.
leukemia’s are not solid tumor they can’t be removed surgically. Instead, the cells are killed inside the body using various treatments that include chemotherapy, a combination of drugs that destroy quickly multiplying cells. Unfortunately, this has the side effects of killing healthy cells, such as those found in hair follicles or intestines.
In some cases, the dosage required so high that it kills all cells in the bone marrow, including stem cells. When this happens body is no longer able to create new blood cells its own. Fortunately, outside help can come in the form of stem cells from the bone marrow of a donor. Once transplanted into the patients they rapidly repopulate the bone marrow and blood. However, bone marrow transplanted is a complicated process requiring antigen comp ability with donor and recipient.
Leukemia may be a frightening disease but there are strengths and hopes in number.