Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer in women worldwide. Nearly 13000 women in the United States are diagnosed with cervical cancer each year. It is very common in developing countries and actually, 87% of cervical cancers occur in developing countries.
Cervical cancer has occurred when abnormal cells on the cervix have uncontrolled growth. The cervix is the lowest part of the uterus that opens into the vagina. Most cervical cancer is caused by a human papillomavirus (HPV).
Cervical cancer is primarily is caused by a sexually transmitted virus the HPV virus. The HPV virus is very prevalent with the people who are sexually active. All cervical cancer is essentially caused by certain high-risk strains of HPV.
HPV is very common in fact it’s simply a marker for sexual activity. 80 percent of all women by age 50 will have been exposed to HPV even if they only have one sexual partner or even if they use latex condoms. It’s a very ubiquitous common virus.
Cervical cancer is one of those diseases that it can be picked up very early and treated then it will be cured. The main symptoms are abnormal vagina bleeding especially bleeding after intercourse and abnormal discharge. The development of cervical cancer is actually linked to an infection. Most People have been sexually active have been exposed to HPV at some point and most people immune system deals with it.
Both men and women get HPV in the same way. It’s just through the standard mixing of secretions that happens when people engage in sexual activity. If you are an individual had sexual contacts, which even could be open mouth kissing you could have been contracted with the virus at that time and you will be infected for 6 to 18 months. Then your body, your immune system either kill the virus and you have no virus in your body or it will kill most the virus because you are not actually actively infected but some will remain in your DNA. Those viral particles that remain in your DNA can cause cancer 20 years later.
When cervical cancer becomes so large, that it will block the flow of urine from the kidney to the bladder and result in kidney failure. a lot of patients when they develop early cervical cancer like stage 1 and stage 2 have no symptoms, not even the abnormal bleeding.
A Pap smear is the most effective detection tool for cervical cancer that requires a regular visit to the gynecologist. That’s most effective means to prevent cervical cancer.
Symptoms related HPV are really none. If women or teenager goes to GYN doctor, a doctor has an exam you can detect the virus but it may not cause any symptoms. The physician may see signs of an abnormal cervical exam, some redness or some changes there or abnormal Pap smear but often no symptoms at that point. HPV that causes general warts, of course, would cause warty like growth and that would be a symptom. HPV infection in the throat does not cause any symptoms either and the problem with HPV infections and later HPV developing cancers in the throat are usually the pre-cancer phase we don’t see the pre-cancer phase. It doesn’t cause symptoms of a sore throat, pain, or lesion.
HPV stands for human papillomavirus. It’s actually a family of several very common viruses which are associated with things from benign venereal warts to things as serious as cervical cancer. HPV is the route of cervical cancer. 70 percent of cervical cancers are linked to particular strange of human papillomavirus. Which is kind of radical because there have been one or two particular tools that we have been used in the fight of cervical cancer and that has been pap smear? There are certain high-risk strains that can silently infect woman cervix and if they are present for several years can actually cause the cervical cells to turn it into cancer.
ASCO or American Society of Clinical oncology just recently came with new guidelines that they were just published global guidelines for the use of HPV vaccine in developing countries and other areas of the world. The guidelines are specific as to which segment of the population should be approached at what ages and the sequences and doses of the vaccine. Kids both boys and girls should be vaccinated with HPV vaccine ages 9 through 14 and if they are not vaccinated through that age frame they can still receive the vaccine up to age 26. The HPV vaccine definitely prevents cervical cancer. HPV vaccine is the best tool we have currently to prevent cervical cancer.
People have more sexual contacts are more likely to get an HPV related cancer. But the other fact is that most people have HPV and most people not develop cancer from HPV. The HPV virus is the same virus that causes cervical cancer for women now doctors say that sexually transmitted virus is also responsible for throat and neck cancer in men and women.