In females, the fertility period refers to the years of monthly menstrual cycles between the first menstrual period, which happens at puberty and then the permanent stopping of menstrual cycles which is called menopause. The menopause basically means when your periods stop. It means that you haven’t had a period for at least 12 weeks 12 months.
The reason that people have a menopause is that when your ovary stops working. Usually, it’s naturally so your ovaries run out of eggs you have an only certain number of eggs and when they stop being produced you stop having your hormones and that causes menopausal symptoms. Some people have a menopause because their ovaries are removed in an operation and they have been damaged by certain drugs or radiotherapy. There are different reasons why people have menopause.
Making the diagnosis of menopause is actually a very straightforward Doctor collecting the symptoms together and making a diagnosis of menopause. The guidelines are very clear if someone over the age of 45 they don’t need to have a blood test. They can be diagnosed on their periods changing nature and having symptoms. At age of 40 to 45 sometimes need to do a blood test but still go test on their symptoms alone. Under 40-year ages normally do have to hormone test.
The symptoms of menopause are really varying some people don’t have symptoms and some people have only symptoms for a few months and 50 percent of women have symptoms for more than ten years. There’s no way of determining how long your symptoms are going to last for.
There are many different symptoms of menopause but 1 in 10 women don’t have any symptoms of menopause t. But most people have symptoms and a lot of symptoms. The common symptoms that people think about the hot flushes and night sweats and these can occur very frequently and very often and really disturb your function in the daytime and nighttime.
There are psychological symptoms also such as low mood, low self-esteem, loss of memory, headache, dizziness, concentration problems that can affect your ability to work. Some people find that their skin becomes very dry and itchy. Some people notice that hair changes, skin changes, and nail changes so a lot of negative symptoms that can really affect the way that we live. We have estrogen receptors in our blood vessels and also in our hearts, it can affect our heart so some people find they get palpitations.
During the menopause, period keeps the intake of coffee tea and spicy food to a minimum. These foods may intensify the symptoms of menopause complaints. Consume enough dairy products and make sure you get sufficient exercise to prevent osteoporosis. To prevent the deficiency of nutrients eats healthily. Make sure you get enough sleep if your medical complaints are bothersome.
Often women find that even three, four, five years before their menopause they start menopausal symptoms even though they are still having periods. These periods are often more irregular and scanty than they used to be.
The hormones estrogen and progesterone work together to regulate your menstrual cycle and also the production of eggs. Estrogen normally has a protective effect on both the cardiovascular system as well as the skeleton. Low level of estrogen can also lead to a complication like cardiovascular disease and osteoporosis. If women don’t have hormones when they are young they have a far greater risk of heart disease, osteoporosis, and dementia but giving hormones reduce this risk. Estrogen protects a number of different systems in your body: your brain, skin, bones, heart, and vagina – so low levels can affect all these parts of your body.
If you are above 45 years of age and have irregular periods with the symptoms of menopause, then you do not need to have any test to diagnose to menopause.