In Australia, one in three people have skin cancer and in America, its one in five people have skin cancer, and it’s growing rapidly. Skin cancers are one of the most important factors is Genetics. Typically genetic predisposition is a big factor that has to be taken into consideration. Keep in the minds that childhood sunburns are the one that usually causes skin cancers later in life. So skin cancers typically come out 20-30 years later after the blistering sunburns.
Skin cancer is any type of malignant growth that happens in the skin. It can be broadly defined in two main kinds there is melanoma and a non-melanoma skin cancer.
Basal cell cancers and squamous cell cancers are non-melanoma cancers.
There is three type of skin cancer.
Melanoma comes from certain types of cells and epidermis called melanocytes and those are the cells that give pigment and color to our skin. When those cells go wrong when those melanocytes go wrong that gives rise to melanoma.
Melanoma is the skin cancer that kills the most people every year in the United States. In the United States, there are about 80000 cases of melanoma per year. Melanoma is the most deadly form of skin cancer because it is cancer that is most likely to spread other organs. Other types of skin cancer are rarely spread outside the surface of the skin. The ability of melanoma to metastasize makes it the most deadly.
Spreading of cancer is called metastasis. Thicker melanomas have a higher risk of metastasis. The most common internal organs affected by melanoma metastasis are the lungs and liver. Melanoma does predominantly exist in older populations. However, the amount of numbers in the younger populations is much higher than other types of lethal cancers.
Lentigo malignant melanoma which tends to occur in older people and usually begins in areas that have had a lot of sun exposure.
Acral lentiginous melanoma which develops on palms, soles or under the nail bed and is not related to sun exposure.
Squamous cells carcinoma:
Squamous cell carcinoma is one of the commonest skin cancers; in fact, it is the second most common type of skin cancer diagnosed in the United States with over 700,000 cases diagnosed each year. It originates the outermost layer of the skin and it’s usually related to the sun and less commonly it’s related to other conditions. Squamous cell carcinoma is a highly treatable and curable form of skin cancer. Occasionally its spread, when it does spread it may spread to lymph glands and occasionally will spread to the lungs. But if it caught early and treat early the cure rates are very high.
Squamous cell carcinoma is occurred because of an abnormal or uncontrolled proliferation of cells that arise in the outermost layer of the skin term the epidermis. Typically it’s going to appear is either a raised bump, scaly red patches open sores or even wart-like lesion that occur on the skin. They may crust or bleed when they do so those are warning signs that you should get checked out.
People that are heavy smokers and heavy alcohol users are the higher risks for developing this form of skin cancer around the mouth. People that are at higher risk for developing such skin cancer typically have fair skin, light eyes, and light hair because they are more susceptible to the damages of sunlight. A person with a history of extensive sun exposure, outdoor job, outdoor hobbies, and those who have had sunburn in the past are also at a higher risk. A family history of skin cancer, those people are also at higher risk for developing squamous cell carcinoma.
Basal cell carcinoma:
Basal cell carcinoma is a common type of a skin cancer. It’s the most common malignancy in the world; with one to two million people in the United States suffer from basal cell carcinoma every year. Basal cell carcinoma usually looks like pimple sort of red bumps that usually small, to begin with, and slowly grows over time. We are starting to see more basal cell carcinoma in younger persons. It used to be very rare to see that this type of skin cancer to people in their 20 to 30.
Basal cell carcinoma tends to bleed very easily with minor trauma. This disease is very common in people with fair complexion and red hair or blue or green eyes. Basal cell carcinoma includes having an intense burst of intermittent sun in the past, blistering sunburn, family members with basal cell carcinoma.
If you had a basal cell carcinoma before your chance of making another basal cell carcinoma is as high as 50% over the next 5 years. Basal cell carcinoma can happen on any part of the body but most commonly occurs on the head and neck eighty to ninety percent of the time and 25 to 30 percent on the nose.
The basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma are not that deadly but can be quite disfiguring if they are left alone. So make sure that you see the dermatologist once a year for your skin cancer screening.
How to protect your skin from skin cancer?
How to protect yourself from skin cancer and sunburned wrinkles? Essential first is sunscreen. There is the number of different type sunscreen agents and the best sunscreen out there in terms of the ingredient or those that have zinc oxide and titanium oxide. Both are physical agents that literally reflect the radiation away from the skin.
FDA has changed labeling requirements for sunscreen now what you want to look for first of is broad- spectrum that indicated on the package. That means it covers and protects you from UVA radiation and UVB radiation. Both of those cause skin cancer and both are predominantly affected by the rate of facial aging.
The second thing you want to look for is an SPF that is 30 or greater that offers better protection than lower SPF. So using sunscreen SPF 30 or above applying it 15 to 30 minutes before sun exposure is necessary.
A third thing you will see on the labels is water resistant either to forty to eighty minutes. One thing you need to remember when you get out of the pool or out of water none to these agents or towels proof or towel resistant so you have got to put it back on assuming it’s gone when you get out of the water.
How to treat Skin cancer?
A skin has many layers to it and it comes in many layers for a reason those layers help protect you. In the old days when you had a cancer doctor would just take out a wide margin of cancerous skin not knowing where the extent of cancer began and ended. A doctor takes on a large piece around visible cancer but then some extra end up taking out tissue it was much harder than fish. With this procedure, you have gotten all cancer around but took out a lot of very healthy tissue as well. Unfortunately in old days doctor didn’t know any better so all of these issues now have to be reconstructed which is a bigger problem.
Nowadays a new approach is a lot simpler. Skin cancer tumor, cut just the area that’s has a tumor. Cut out in a way that allows you to take out the little piece of tissue and put it under a microscope and look to see if there is anything left behind. You don’t need to go quite as wide as did the first time again putting that aside in the microscope. The nice thing about this skin cancer surgery compares to old skin cancer surgery you not only get out of cancer but you also have now the ability to take some other tissue and it from another part of the body. Cut out little dimple that repairs area that has to be fixed and now you end up with the result that is acceptable, that is the cosmetic result.