What is bipolar disorder ?

What is a bipolar disorder?

Bipolar disorder is a psychiatric illness involving recurrent episodes of depression and mania. It means that people have fluctuating periods of depression and moods elevation. This mood elevation we called mania or hypomania. Bipolar disorder is a lethal illness; it does have a risk of suicide that’s up to 20 to 30 times greater compared to the general population. It’s an illness that requires careful attention, careful monitoring, and treatment.

Bipolar is a mental illness that brings high and low moods and changes in sleep and eating behavior and thinking. Scientist believed the that Bipolar disorder is caused by an underlying problem with specific brain circuits and the balance of brain circuits called neurotransmitters. All of these neurotransmitters are sick. A brain can behave very differently in bipolar disorder.

There is three chemical associated in the brain Noradrenaline, Serotonin and Dopamine. Noradrenaline and Serotonin can be associated with the mood disorders of depression and bipolar disorder. Dopamine is associated with the pleasure system and disruption of the system can result in mood disorders such as schizophrenia. Serotonin is connected with a bodily function such as sleep, eating, learning, and memory. All of this chemical are off balance when someone has bipolar disorder.

In the United States lot of people suffering from mental illness, do not avail themselves of treatment because of stigma. People have a stigma attached to bipolar disorder. The misconceptions are that people with mental illness do not get well. As a result what remains in the public eye are great massive untreated people or inadequately treated mental illness.

Bipolar disorder diagnosis

There is no quantitative diagnostic technique for bipolar disorder as well as a mental disorder in general. Bipolar disorder has two major mood states one is depression and other is mood elevation. You can diagnose bipolar disorder by once someone has had major depressive episodes as well as mood elevations episodes. Major depressive episodes are characterized by at least two consecutive weeks of sadness or loss of interest in your usual activities.

Symptoms of the major depressive episode: at least two consecutive weeks of

  •     Sadness or loss of interest
  •     Sleep change
  •     Fatigue
  •     Appetite change
  •     Poor concentration
  •     Suicidal thoughts
  •     Physical agitation
  •     Decreased self-esteem
  •     Guilty feeling

Symptoms of a Manic or hypomanic episode: at least 1 week for mania or 4 days for Hypomania.

  •     Euphoric of irritable mood+ increased energy
  •     Inflated self-esteem
  •     Decreased need for sleep
  •     More talkative than usual
  •     Distractibility
  •     Racing thoughts, a flight of ideas
  •     Increased inactivity or physical agitation
  •     Risk-taking

Bipolar disorder is one of the most common mental health diagnoses in the United States. Normally Bipolar disorder associated with the episode where they shift from really happy to really sad or maybe they become really angry. But this is not the same thing as bipolar disorder.

Bipolar disorder is dividing into two key subtypes.

1.    Bipolar disorder one (Depression): in depression person may feel more lethargic, sad, and unmotivated.

2.    Bipolar disorder two (Hypomania): in hypomania, the person is more impulsive and reckless. Mania at one level looks fun but it is pretty damaging too.

Why someone has developed bipolar disorder?

Anyone who has a family history of bipolar disorder they have chances to develop this illness. Genetic, environmental and neurochemical factors cause bipolar disorder. All of these can affect the way that somebody’s brain and body develop. Bipolar disorder is one of the most heritable mental illnesses. It has a heritability of 80%.

It is important to treat the bipolar disorder because of evidence showing that maniac episodes actually cause damage to the brain. Bipolar disorder persons swing mood makes it hard to maintain a job, stable relationship, and even to feel stable within ourselves.

People with bipolar disorder are 500 times more likely to experience the heart attack more likely than someone who is extremely overweight. When bipolar disorder is not managed is easier to trigger that heart attack.

Mania is one of two extremes a person experiences when they suffer from bipolar disorder. Symptoms can include

  •     Extremely motivated
  •     Not caring what you spend
  •     Normally people are sexually active.

How can people of this symptom be diagnosed as an illness? But the following symptoms can help to detect bipolar disorder.

  •     Fast thoughts
  •     An impulsive decision such as quitting a job
  •     A tendency to show poor judgment
  •     Inflated self-esteem
  •     Unrealistic beliefs in one’s ability in intelligence
  •     Reckless behavior
  •     A feeling of sadness and hopelessness
  •     Changes in appetite
  •     Lack of energy and Little sleep
  •     It’s not uncommon for people to contemplate to suicide

Bipolar disorder two is a less severe version of bipolar disorder one. Bipolar disorder two is less dangerous because hypomania makes a person more productive and motivated. They have a more energy and need less sleep. Bipolar two sometimes can be seen as positive because people have more energy and need less rest.

Treatment for bipolar disorder

For bipolar disorder one, there are two main types of treatment.

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT): the first doctor prescribes to patient lithium. Lithium is the best chemical to suppress the symptoms of mania. It takes about five to seven days for lithium to suppress the symptoms.

Corona therapy: when a doctor suggests corona therapy that the patient goes home and gets eight hours of sleep for three nights. The doctor suggests that eight-hour sleep for three nights is equal to one dose of lithium.

The celebrities who suffered from bipolar disorder are Abraham Lincoln, Winston Churchill, Jackson Pollock, Britney Spear, DemiLovato, and Van Gogh.

That’s just life, that’s just the nature of it. Everyone get depression its common illness. You are not responsible for getting depression but you are responsible for is getting treated, and there is no excuse for these days not getting treated.


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