What is Vertigo ?

There is a lot of type vertigo. We have got vertigo with spinning; we have got vertigo without spinning. We have got disequilibrium that’s where your balance is literally off. We have got visual vertigo that’s where you are feeling like moving, its feel like you are spinning.

We have also got Meniere’s disease, which is a disease of the inner ear and it can cause hearing loss. It can cause severe nausea, vomiting and just have horrible balance. Some vertigo patient complained about dizziness. Dizziness sometimes in form off like their vision is just blurry or they move their heads too quickly and it gets kind of blurry.

What is vertigo?

Vertigo is a symptom of a disordered system of balance. Patients do struggle with symptoms like dizziness, lightheadedness, problems with coordination, movement, and occasionally a patient will present following a fall. When vertigo patient wakes up in the morning everything started spinning, feel like flying off the bed.

Vertigo has specifically two major types, EXO centric, and Egocentric. Exocentric means the center is somewhere out there and you are moving around it. Egocentric means you are the center and you feel like the world turn around you.

The more common specific type of vertigo few signs are:

  • You lay down a bed at night and the world starts to spin or wake up in the morning and everything is starting to spin on you.
  • You are just sweeping a sidewalk turn your head and it feels like you are going to fall down.
  • Some people just feel like they are just being pushed right over the edge of the sidewalk.
  • Sometimes the people can’t read in the car
  • A telephone pole going by your periphery makes them sick, that’s also a type of vertigo.

If you have been suffering from these symptoms, you need to visit your doctor.

The most common cause of the vertigo

Vertigo is a mechanical disorder; it develops because there is calcium carbonate crystal in your inner ear which helps you to keep your balance. But sometimes this crystal gets dislodged into the semicircular bony canals where they are not supposed to be. When this calcium carbonate crystal floats into the wrong part of the system, then they began to move within the inner ear small bony canals.

If you tip your head back or you bend forward or commonly roll over the bed it brings the symptoms of dizziness. It’s because those small particles roll around these inner ear canals and its send the message to your brain that you moved and various positions that you actually did not. This condition is called ‘benign paroxysmal vertigo’ or ‘benign positional vertigo’ or PPV. It’s the most common cause of vertigo causing a feeling of dizziness.

To feel better from dizziness calcium carbonate must go back to where they belong in the inner ear. A physical therapist can do this through a series of guided head movement. Medication may help lessen your nausea and dizziness.

Benign Paroxysmal/ Positional Vertigo (BPPV)

BPPV may come on suddenly for no reasons. BPPV is the result of a trauma, a concussion, an inner ear infection, diabetes, osteoporosis, intubation of reduced blood flow.

This type of vertigo treatment is very easy and effective, there is nothing high-tech about treating what’s called benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. Patients typically require just one or two treatments, with the vast majority following this having complete resolution of their symptoms. This type of vertigo may have another bout sometimes in the future if so the same repositioning maneuvers can help to relieve the symptoms again.

This condition can be very effectively treated by repositioning maneuvers. Repositioning maneuvers can stop vertigo symptoms because it helps to dislodge the crystal (calcium particle) float back to where they belong. Inside the ear, the crystal has to migrate to one of three semi-circles in the inner ear. By moving the head in specific pattern those crystal floats back to their original and correct location.

Sometimes Vertigo is not simply an inner ear problem

Balance problem and disorders are not simply an inner ear problem. The symptoms of vertigo can arise from disorders in many different parts of the body. Good balance and steadiness is a complex interaction between couples of different systems in your body. Our balance function is coordinated by the brain and the brain is central to the process of maintaining the balance.

The brain receives the signal from our eyes and giving information about orientation and space. In addition, the brain receives a signal from the inner ear in relation to our movement. The brain takes all this information and analyses this information to maintain our state of balance function.

The patients who have lost inner ear functions as a result of trauma or viral infections, these patients will present with an initial acute vertigo and more chronic balance disturbance. These types of patients can use vestibular rehabilitation therapy, which is a form of exercise treatment which can be extremely effective but it may take many months before a significant recovery is achieved. Vertigo can be effectively controlled by medical treatments, injections, and occasionally surgically procedures on the ear.

What causes vertigo? What gives you dizziness? 

Suppose if you have a balance disorder and it’s because you got a muscle and joint feedback system. It’s not sending an appropriate signal to rest of the brain. So other systems ramp up things, they become hyperactive for what you are missing. The problem is that this gives you dizziness.

You are standing there and someone moves in your peripheral vision and you start to feel like you are moving. It’s because your system is in conflict and that’s why you get nausea, you can start sweating, and headache it’s because the system is not in balance.

For dizziness first, you have to consult with your physician to rule out the other some causes such as cardiac or heart conditions can lead to dizziness. It can be the secondary cause of medication or in some rare cases, it can be a sign of a brain tumor. So first you should have to rule out those possibilities, but a very common cause of dizziness is a problem with your inner ear system or your vestibular system.

Some people have dizziness because of cervical or neck problem. People can have dizziness associated with a migraine, it’s called migraine vertigo. Sometimes a sound or light sensitivity give you a headache or an unusual feeling of dizziness.

Treatment for vertigo

Vertigo (BPPV) problem can sometimes resolve on its own or some people just have occasional symptoms of dizziness and this problem also can resolve on its own within one or two days and it commonly come and go. Once you have ruled out other causes of dizziness to see a therapist who specializes in treating in vertigo, it’s also called vestibular therapy.

The physical therapist can lead you through various techniques that involve the change in head positions. Basically, the physical therapist tries to relocate dislodge calcium particles back where they belong. This technique is highly effective some people feel significantly improved within the few visits.

Some people have dizziness because of cervical or neck problem. People can have dizziness associated with a migraine it’s called migraine vertigo. Sometimes a sound or light sensitivity give you a headache or an unusual feeling of dizziness. These problems can do well with the treatment of a physical therapist who specializes in vertigo.

 Meniere’s disease

There are three canals in the ear that tell you where is your head is positioned in space. These semicircular canals have endolymph fluid that moves when your head moves tell your brain where your head is. If there can be autoimmune process against that endolymph where the body is attacking it and destroys that mechanism and therefore can create the Meniere disease or vertiginous part of the Meniere disease.

Meniere disease is not that common in the population. Meniere disease is little more difficult. Meniere disease where is hearing loss. Typically Meniere disease itself cannot be treated by physical therapy. Those people have diagnosed with Meniere disease that person was seen by a specialist.

The Meniere disease can be effectively controlled by medical treatments, injections, and occasionally surgically procedures on the ear.


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